Dating wedgwood jewellery
These wares would have one of the three circular marks shown here.
The marks were either impressed or raised from the body, with the impressed versions being the rarest form of these marks. These marks were the more simplistic marks that were impressed on decorative pieces produced during the Wedgwood and Bentley partnership.
While many of his earlier works prior to 1781 may be unmarked, Josiah was the first potter of note to mark his wares with his own name, at a time when other potters were using easily forged marks such as the Sevres double L mark, the Meissen crossed swords mark, or the Chelsea Potteries anchor Mark.
The Wedgwood marks have gone through several iterations over the years, as the company struck up partnership deals, relocated its production sites, and when the introduction of new trade laws were implemented.
Earlier variations had each letter individually impressed, resulting in misplaced or uneven layouts.
As he improved his technique, the impression mark took on a curved appearance.
Majolica-makers’ marks are sure way to identify a manufacturer. Marked majolica is generally indicative of quality.
Or written in script over the glaze, or ‘in reserve’.
Note: ‘Majolica’ in this article refers to earthenware of coloured lead glazes, applied simultaneously to an unglazed body, and fired.
It should be noted however, that if the term “& CO” is present, this product is not part of the Wedgwood Collection.
These products are in fact part of the 1790-1801 Enoch Wedgwood collections or part of the Knottingley Pottery collection. Josiah began marking his wears with impressions made by using movable type printers.
Letters and numbers in the four corners specify the exact date of registration.
The system was sufficiently successful that its use continued throughout the majolica period and beyond. By observing certain characteristic glazes, by an occasional marked piece to reference, and by publications current and contemporary, notably advertising and exhibition reports.