Ice hockey is the best-known team sport that involves skating.bones of elk, oxen, reindeer, and other animals.
It is not known when the metal runner was introduced, but early Dutch prints depict skates with metal blades.
It was also popular at the French court about 1776; Marie-Antoinette was among the skaters. The development of refrigerated ice rinks started the transformation of ice skating from a seasonal pastime to a major sport and entertainment.
The first rink with artificially frozen ice, a private one, the Glaciarium, was opened in London in 1876.
The blade is approximately the same length as the boot or shoe to which it is attached.Sports involving ice skating alone were organized by the National Skating Association of Great Britain (1879), the National Amateur Skating Association of the United States (1886), and the Amateur Skating Association of Canada (1888).These groups, with other national groups formed in the interim, founded in 1892 the International Skating Union (ISU), which thereafter became the world governing body for speed skating, ice dancing, and figure skating.The boot, which is usually black for men and white for women, has a strong, reinforced arch support and a stiffening material around the heel and under the arch.The speed skate is low-cut, allowing for freer movement of the ankle.