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The London Convention applies to the deliberate disposal at sea of wastes or other matter from vessels, aircraft, platforms and other man-made structures at sea, as well as to the deliberate disposal at sea of vessels, aircraft, platforms or other man-made structures themselves.

Contracting Parties to the London Convention agreed to control dumping by implementing regulatory programs to assess the need for, and the potential impact of, dumping.

The IMO is a United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution from ships.

Top of Page Contracting Parties to the London Convention and London Protocol have developed international guidance (or guidelines) to assist national authorities responsible for regulating ocean dumping in meeting their obligations under the two instruments.

The guidelines contain step-by-step procedures to evaluate wastes and other matter being considered for ocean dumping, including waste prevention audits, assessment of alternatives to ocean dumping, waste characterization, assessment of potential adverse environmental effects of dumping, disposal site selection, and monitoring and permitting procedures.

Specific guidelines exist for the assessment of the materials listed on Annex I of the London Protocol.

On this page: In the 1950s-1970s, the United States and other countries became increasingly concerned about the environmental impacts of human activities on the marine environment, including the uncontrolled disposal of wastes into the ocean.

Successful implementation of the London Convention and London Protocol also promotes better waste management strategies.1972 Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention) Top of Page The United States is a Contracting Party to the London Convention.The United States ratified the London Convention on April 29, 1974.Under the London Protocol, dumping of all wastes and other materials is prohibited except the following materials listed in Annex I of the London Protocol (“the reverse list”), which may be considered for dumping: The United States signed the London Protocol in 1998, but has not ratified the treaty.The President submitted the London Protocol to the Senate for advice and consent on September 4, 2007.

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