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As the Iranians dispersed into the wider area of Greater Iran and beyond, the boundaries of modern-day Iran were dominated by Median, Persian, and Parthian tribes.
From the late 10th to the late seventh century BC, the Iranian peoples, together with the "pre-Iranian" kingdoms, fell under the domination of the Assyrian Empire, based in northern Mesopotamia.
The rise of the native Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, The Persian Constitutional Revolution in the early 20th century created a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature.
The pronunciation guide from Voice of America also provides During the Bronze Age, the territory of present-day Iran was home to several civilizations, including Elam, Jiroft, and Zayanderud.
Cyrus entered Babylon and presented himself as a traditional Mesopotamian monarch.
Subsequent Achaemenid art and iconography reflect the influence of the new political reality in Mesopotamia.
Later conquests under Cyrus and his successors expanded the empire to include Lydia, Babylon, Egypt, parts of the Balkans and Eastern Europe proper, as well as the lands to the west of the Indus and Oxus rivers.
539 BC was the year in which Persian forces defeated the Babylonian army at Opis, and marked the end of around four centuries of Mesopotamian domination of the region by conquering the Neo-Babylonian Empire.