Mandating ethanol and biodiesel consumption in the united kingdom
"GM is committed to the rapid commercialization of the next generation of ethanol," said Andreas Lippert, director for Global Energy Systems in General Motor's Research and Development and Strategic Planning Department."This is why we started a strategic alliance with the two leading cellulosic ethanol companies that together cover the biothermal and biochemical spectrum in advanced biofuel technology." The United States is also looking at cellulosic ethanol and other advanced biofuels to meet its goals for alternative transportation fuels, according to Dale Gardner, associate director for Renewable Fuels Science and Technology at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo.There are an additional 13 cellulosic ethanol demonstration plants funded by the U. DOE with a projected capacity of 250 million gallons per year for 2008.
The common thread throughout the conference was that sustainability must be a top priority in the expansion of biofuels worldwide.
He attributed this increase to E10 mandates in several Chinese provinces and cities, but cautioned that "high food demand limits the further growth of first-generation ethanol in China." He added that corn ethanol is not economical without subsidies in China, and said that cellulosic ethanol from the Coskata process costs less than half the current cost of producing grain-based ethanol.
Bolsen told participants that cellulosic ethanol can tap into a wealth of nonfood resources and help make China energy self-sufficient.
"This is in a country where gasoline is considered the alternative fuel." Brazil produced 23 billion liters (6.08 billion gallons) of ethanol in 2007, and the domestic sales of E100 were 1 billion liters (264 million gallons), according to Jank.
"This demand is driven by consumer choice90 percent of new cars sold in Brazil are flex fuelrepresenting more than 25 percent of the fleet," Jank said, adding that another driver of Brazil's success is the mandatory blending of 20 percent to 25 percent of ethanol into gasoline.