Portugal has left a profound cultural and architectural influence across the globe, a legacy of around 250 million Portuguese speakers, and many Portuguese-based creoles.
It is a developed country with a high-income advanced economy and high living standards.
a city where present-day Vila Nova de Gaia now stands, at the mouth of the River Douro in the north of what is now Portugal.
The name of the city is from the Latin word for port or harbour, portus, but the second element of Portus Cale is the subject of numerous theories.
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The mainstream explanation for the name is that it is an ethnonym derived from the Castro people, also known as the Callaeci, Gallaeci or Gallaecia, a people who occupied the north-west of the Iberian Peninsula.
The names Callaici and Cale are the origin of today's Gaia, Galicia.
However, events such as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the country's occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, the independence of Brazil (1822), and a late industrialization compared to other European powers, erased to a great extent Portugal's prior opulence.The name of Portugal derives from the joined Romano-Celtic name Portus Cale.The region was settled by Pre-Celts and Celts, giving origin to peoples like the Gallaeci, Lusitanians, Celtici and Cynetes, visited by Phoenicians, Ancient Greeks and Carthaginians, incorporated in the Roman Republic dominions as Lusitania and part of Gallaecia, after 45 BC until 298 AD.Some French scholars believe the name may have come from 'Portus Gallus', the port of the Gauls or Celts.Around 200 BC, the Romans took the Iberian Peninsula from the Carthaginians during the Second Punic War, and in the process conquered Cale and renamed it Portus Cale (Port of Cale) incorporating it to the province of Gaellicia with capital in Bracara Augusta (modern day Braga, Portugal).