Pros consolidating police agencies
These variations in the size, type, and function of American police agencies make it difficult to establish an ideal method of organization and management applicable to all agencies.A number of influential critics have claimed that because the American system of policing is so fragmented and loosely coordinated, it is ineffective and inefficient.Discovering the best way to organize and manage the police is a popular topic among police managers and administrators, researchers, reformers, and others interested in improving the American police.
First, they claim that larger police organizations can make more efficient use of resources by taking advantage of the economies of scale resulting from eliminating redundant functions.The American system of policing is unique by world standards.There are approximately twenty thousand state and local police agencies in the United States (Maguire, et al.; Reaves and Goldberg, 1999).For instance, Patrick Murphy, former police commissioner in several American cities, once wrote that many communities are policed by a farcical little collection of untrained individuals who are really nothing more than guards.These genuinely small departments (fewer than twenty-five sworn officers), to begin with, tend not to have much of a franchise by and large; with small territory and limited clientele, they do not face much of a crime problem. 7172) Murphy was one of several reformers to suggest that these small police agencies should be eliminated or consolidated into larger and more professional departments.