Victorian time dating
Matrimonial Causes Act permits divorce for adultery (but women could not petition until 1923). 1871—Institution of practice of photographing prisoners (November 2). Disraeli buys Britain controlling interest in Suez Canal. American Thomas Edison invents the phonograph, recording "Mary had a little lamb." 1878—First electric street lighting in London. 1887—Golden Jubilee, celebration of 50th anniversary of Victoria’s reign. Launching of Brunel s Great Eastern, largest ship yet built. Metropolitan District Railway between Mansion House and South Kensington opens 1870—Education Act, compulsory primary education until the age of 11. Married Women’s Property Act gives women the right to earn and keep money for their own use. 1875—First intelligible telephone communication made by Bell (June 5). Telephones, invented by Scottish scientist Alexander Graham Bell, become available. 1881—Founding of Tit Bits periodical by George Newnes. First electric power station in England opened at Goldalming. Term “Industrial Revolution,” for the period of 1760 to 1840, coined by Arnold Toynbee. 1885–89—Founding of the Men’s and Women’s Club 1886–89—Anatole Baju’s journal Le Décadent. Last shipment of convicts from England to Australia. First telephone directory issued in Britain (January 15). 1884—Third Reform Act, extending voting rights to agricultural workers. 1861—Death of Prince Albert of typhoid fever at age 42. 1862—Speke & Grant discover sources of the river Nile. Last public execution (May 26); public hangings stopped because caused crime among spectators. James’s Gazette begins publication (absorbed by the Evening Standard in 1905). New Zealand becomes first country to give women the right to vote. 1895—Founding of the London Promenade Concerts by Sir Henry Wood (October 6). Wilde’s The Ideal Husband and The Importance of Being Earnest . The Savoy ( 1897—Official opening of the Tate Gallery, founded by Sir Henry Tate (July 21). 1860—Introduction of trams into England (August 30). Nightingale publishes first definitive textbooks on nursing. National Association for Women’s Suffrage formed in Manchester; no voting rights until 1918. 1866—First Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid by the SS Great Eastern (completed September 7). 1868—Disraeli becomes Prime Minister; defeated within several months in election. Wilde’s Salome banned in London (staged in Paris in 1896). Publication of Wilde’s Salome in English, with Beardsley’s illustrations. 1896—Marconi patented wireless telegraphy (June 2). Speed limit for cars was increased from 4 to 20 mph. 1901—Death of Queen Victoria at age 82 (January 22, am). 1863—First underground railway, Metropolitan Railway in London between Paddington & Farringdon St. ompletes metropolitan drainage system in London (began 1855). 1867—Second Reform Act, extending vote to males of the urban working class.
Founding of The Star (absorbed by The Evening News in 1960). First electric underground public railway line opens December 18: City & South London Railway between King William St. Founding of the Romanes Lectures at Oxford University by George Romanes. Electrification of trams in England began in Leeds. Wilde’s Picture of Dorian Gray, Salome, “The Critic as Artist,” and “Soul of Man Under Socialism.” 1892—Founding of The Westminster Gazette (absorbed by The Daily News in 1928).
In the Victorian era, men’s daily dress was more formal than it is today. Men also wore their collars highly-starched with neckties and elaborate cravats during the earlier part of the century, and by the late 1860s, string-style cravats that were more narrow emerged. What to look for: Lighter-colored trousers and black coats. Lounge suits continued to trend well into the 1890s with trousers sporting creases down the front. Cuffed trousers were also fashionable during the early 1900s.
This was especially true in the 1840s when men’s clothing offered tightly tailored coats and trousers. What to look for: Single-breasted, semi-fitted coats falling to mid-thigh. Older gentlemen still wore frock coats, but younger conservative men would sometimes do so, as well.
1851—First telegraph cable laid across the English Channel. Half of population of Great Britain lives in cities. Last duel fought in England at Priest Hill, Surrey (duels had been outlawed in 1840s).
1854—Florence Nightingale goes to Crimea and organizes nursing during the war.